Proper Writing Citation

In accordance with Construction Tech Academy's goal that all graduates have solid work ethics and integrity, academic dishonesty will not be tolerated. Whenever you use another person's words or ideas you must cite the source. Plagiarism is not allowed and will result in a zero on that assignment. A student guilty of plagiarism, i.e. copying any part of another notebook, homework, or assignment or copying textbooks, computer accessed documents, or any other published material, will receive a zero grade on the assignment with no make up allowed. Additionally the student will receive a citizenship grade of "Unsatisfactory" (U). The teacher will make a parent contact and provide administration with a referral.

A second offense of plagiarism or cheating will result in a referral to the CTA Leadership Team. The parents of the student will be contacted and the student will also be assigned a mentor-teacher for academic support. Plagiarism is defined in the MLA handbook as "the act of using another person's ideas or expressions in your writing without acknowledging the source". (MLA Handbook, 21)

CTA Professional Writing Standards for Citations and Works Cited Page

Basic In-Text Citation Rules (MLA p. 240-241)

Immediately following a quotation from a source or a paraphrase of a source's ideas, you place the author's last name followed by a space and the relevant page number(s) in parentheses.

Human beings have been described as "symbol-using animals" (Burke 3).

When a source has no known author, use a shortened title of the work instead of the author's name. Place the title in quotation marks if it's a short work, or underline if it's a longer work. If you know the page number it should appear after the title. For example: ("Title" pg #)

"San Diego's blood supply is regularly dangerously low" ("Blood Supply"). - Example of a website or pamphlet with no author or pages.)

Punctuation marks such as periods, commas, and semicolons should appear after the parenthetical citation. Question marks and exclamation points should appear within the quotation marks if they are a part of the quoted passage but after the parenthetical citation if they are a part of you text. For example:

According to some, dreams express "profound aspects of personality" (Foulkes 184), though others disagree.

According to Foulkes's study, dreams may express "profound aspects of personality" (184).

Is it possible that dreams may express "profound aspects of personality" (Foulkes 184)?

Works Cited Page Rules

  1. Begin your works cited page on a separate sheet of paper at the end of your research paper. It should have the same one-inch margins and heading as the rest of the paper.
  2. Label the page Works Cited (do not underline the words Works Cited or use quotation marks). Center the title at the top of the page (See example above)
  3. III. Double space all citations and entries but do not skip spaces between entries. Indent the second line of each entry.
  4. Think ahead; look at what is needed to cite particular sources and write down that information as you research.


Capitalization and Punctuation

Use underlining for titles of larger works (books, magazines) and quotation marks for titles of shorter works (poems, articles).

Capitalization and Punctuation

Use underlining for titles of larger works (books, magazines) and quotation marks for titles of shorter works (poems, articles).

Hanging Indentation

(makes alphabetical lists easier to use)

In a word processor, the best way to create this indention is to highlight the paragraphs that are (or will be) entries and then choose hanging indention in the options for formatting paragraphs.


Highlight entries; Format; Paragraph; Indentation (select "hanging")

Basic Style for Citations of Electronic Sources

Here are some common features you should try and find before citing electronic sources in MLA style. Always include as much applicable information as possible:

  • Author and/or editor names
  • Name of the database, or title of project, book, article
  • Any version numbers available
  • Date of version, revision, or posting
  • Publisher information
  • Date you accessed the material
  • Electronic address, printed between carets (<, >)

It is necessary to list your date of access because web postings are often updated, and information available on one date may no longer be available later.

An Entire Web Site (MLA p.216)

Name of Site. Date of Posting/Revision. Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sometimes found in copyright statements). Date you accessed the site. <electronic address>.

The Purdue OWL Family of Sites. 26 Aug. 2005. The Writing Lab and OWL at Purdue and Purdue University. 23 April 2006.

A Page on a Web Site (MLA p. 207)

For an individual page on a Web site, list the author or alias if known, followed by the information covered above for entire Web sites. Make sure the URL points to the exact page you are referring to, or the entry or home page for a collection of pages you're referring to:

"Caret." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. 28 April 2006. 10 May 2006. <>.

Stolley, Karl. "MLA Formatting and Style Guide." The OWL at Purdue. 10 May 2006. Purdue University Writing Lab. 12 May 2006

E-mail or Other Personal Communication (MLA p.233)

Author: "Title of the message (if any)" E-mail to person's name. Date of the message.

This same format may be used for personal interviews or personal letters. These do not have titles, and the description should be appropriate. Instead of "Email to John Smith," you would have "Personal interview."

Article in a Database on CD-ROM (MLA p.224)

"World War II." Encarte. CD-ROM. Seattle: Microsoft, 1999

Basic Style for Citations of Books

First or single author's name is written last name, first name. The basic form for a book citation is:

Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication.

Book with One Author (MLA p.147)

Gleick, James. Chaos: Making a New Science. New York: Penguin Books, 1987

A Book by Two or More Authors (MLA p.154)

First author name is written last name first; subsequent author names are written first name, last name.

Gillespie, Paula, and Neal Lerner. The Allyn and Bacon Guide to Peer Tutoring. Boston: Allyn, 2000.

Two or More Books by the Same Author (MLA p.153)

After the first listing of the author's name, use three hyphens and a period instead of the author's name. List books alphabetically by title.

Palmer, William J. Dickens and New Historicism. New York: St. Martin's, 1997.

---. The Films of the Eighties: A Social History. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1993.

An Article in a Reference Book (MLA p.160)
(use this one for encyclopedias)

"Name of Article." Name of Book. Year of Edition.

Example: "Madagascar." World Desk Reference. 6th ed. 2004

Page numbers provided in parenthesis throughout this document refere to The MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 6th Edition (2005)

Works cited in "CTA Professional Writing Standards for Citations and Works Cited Page"

"Citing Books and Other Nonperiodical Publications." MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 10th ed. 2005.

Stolley, Karl. "MLA Formatting and Style Guide." The OWL at Purdue. 10 May 2006. Purdue University Writing Lab. 21 July 2006

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